The Sino-Tibetan treaty inscription of 821-822

Labelinsc_TreatyInscription
LocationLhasa, in front of the Jo khang.
Datecomposed in 821-822, erected in 823.
Conditionextant.
ImagesBsod nams skyid (1984: plate 2, West, South and North faces, same as Wang [1982]): plate 2, West, South and North faces, same as Wang [1982]Bushell (1880): West and North faces'Jam dbyangs and Wang (2000: 96, plate 68): 96, plate 68West face, lines (17)18-44(45)Naitō (1928): all facesRichardson (1985: plate 14): plate 14: East face, lines 24-59, South face, lines 18-35Wang (1982): all faces
RefsBushell (1880)Francke (1909-10) PTLSWaddell (1909-11: 923-952, East face; 389-435, West and North face): 923-952, East face; 389-435, West and North face ITLSLaufer (1914: 68-84): 68-84Naitō (1928)Teramoto (1929)Fujita (1932-33)Yao (1934)Niida (1937: 820-829): 820-829 PTLWen (1945)Satō (1949)Suwa (1950)Richardson (1952) ITLSMiller (1955)Li (1956a) ITLSSatō (1958-59) ITLSMibu (1958)Takasaki (1964)Takasaki (1966) PTLSYamaguchi (1969)Richardson (1978) PTLSLi (1979)Li (1980)Zhang (1981)Wang (1982: 1-60): 1-60 ITLSBsod nams skyid (1984: 21-58): 21-58 ITLSRichardson (1985: 106-143): 106-143 PTLSLi and Coblin (1987: 34-137): 34-137 ITLSStein (1988)Takata (1988: 34-36, 294-297): 34-36, 294-297 PTLChe (1991)Chen and Wang (2003: 5-44): 5-44 ITLS
NoteComplete text. West face: 77 lines in Tibetan with its Chinese version consisting of 6 columns. East face: 71 lines in Tibetan. North face: 40 lines in Tibetan with its Chinese version divided into 20 affiloups, each of which has 4-5 columns (91 columns in total). South face: 49 lines in Tibetan with its Chinese version divided into 21 affiloups, each of which contains 5 columns (105 columns in total). The text is mainly edited based on published photographs. For the illegible portions we follow the readings of Richardson (1985) and Li and Coblin (1987).
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